How to be efficient with MoviePy¶
This section gathers tips and tricks to help you make the most of what is already known worldwide as the MoviePy experience.
The best way to start with MoviePy is to use it with the IPython Notebook: it makes it easier to preview clips (as we will see in this section), has autocompletion, and can display the documentation for the different methods of the library.
Should I use moviepy.editor ?¶
Most examples in this documentation use the submodule moviepy.editor, but this submodule is not adapted to all needs so should you use it ? Short answer: if you use MoviePy to edit videos by hand, use it, but if you use MoviePy inside a larger library or program or webserver, it is better to avoid it and just load the functions that you need.
The module moviepy.editor can be loaded using one of the three following methods:
from moviepy.editor import * # imports everything, quick and dirty import moviepy.editor as mpy # Clean. Then use mpy.VideoClip, etc. from moviepy.editor import VideoFileClip # just import what you need
With any of these lines, the moviepy.editor module will actually do a lot of work behind the curtain: It will fetch all the most common classes, functions and subpackages of MoviePy, initialize a PyGame session (if PyGame is installed) to be able to preview video clips, and implement some shortcuts, like adding the resize transformation to the clips. This way you can use clip.resize(width=240) instead of the longer clip.fx( resize, width=240). In short, moviepy.editor provides all you need to play around and edit your videos but it will take time to load (circa one second). So if all you need is one or two features inside another library, it is better to import directly what you need, as follows:
from moviepy.video.io.VideoFileClip import VideoFileClip from moviepy.video.fx.resize import resize
The many ways of previewing a clip¶
When you are editing a video or trying to achieve an effect with MoviePy through a trial and error process, generating the video at each trial can be very long. This section presents a few tricks to go faster.
Most of the time, just having one frame of the video can tell you if you are doing the right thing. You can save just one frame of the clip to a file as follows:
my_clip.save_frame("frame.jpeg") # saves the first frame my_clip.save_frame("frame.png", t=2) # saves the frame a t=2s
clip.show and clip.preview¶
The methods clip.show and clip.preview enable you to vizualise the clip in a Pygame window. They are the fastest way to preview, as the clips are generated and displayed at the same time, and they can be useful to get the coordinates or colors of pixels. These methods require to have PyGame installed, and to use the moviepy.editor module.
The method clip.show enables preview one frame of a clip without having to write it to a file: the following lines display the frame in a PyGame window
my_clip.show() # shows the first frame of the clip my_clip.show(10.5) # shows the frame of the clip at t=10.5s my_clip.show(10.5, interactive = True)
The last line (with interactive=True) displays the frame in an interactive way: if you click somewhere in the frame, it will print the position and color of the pixel. Press Escape to exit when you are done.
A clip can be previewed as follows
my_clip.preview() # preview with default fps=15 my_clip.preview(fps=25) my_clip.preview(fps=15, audio=False) # don't generate/play the audio. my_audio_clip.preview(fps=22000)
If you click somewhere in the frames of a video clip being previewed, it will print the position and color of the pixel clicked. Press Escape abort the previewing.
Note that if the clip is complex and your computer not fast enough, the preview will appear slowed down compared to the real speed of the clip. In this case you can try to lower the frame rate (for instance to 10) or reduce the size of the clip with clip.resize, it helps.
Displaying the clips in a IPython Notebook can be very practical, especially if don’t want to use clip.show() and clip.preview(). Here is what it will look like:
With ipython_display you can embed videos, images and sounds, either from a file or directly from a clip:
ipython_display(my_video_clip) # embeds a video ipython_display(my_imageclip) # embeds an image ipython_display(my_audio_clip) # embeds a sound ipython_display("my_picture.jpeg") # embeds an image ipython_display("my_video.mp4") # embeds a video ipython_display("my_sound.mp3") # embeds a sound
This will only work if ipython_display is on the last line a the notebook cell. You can also call ipython_display as a clip method:
If the rendering of your clip requires to provide a frame rate, you can specify fps=25 in ipython_display.
If you only need to display a snapshot of a video clip at some time t you can write
my_video_clip.ipython_display(t=15) # will display a snapshot at t=15s
You can also provide any valid HTML5 option as keyword argument. For instance, if the clip is too big, you will write
ipython_display(my_clip, width=400) # HTML5 will resize to 400 pixels
For instance, when you are editing an animated GIF and want to check that it loops well, you can ask the video to start automatically and to loop (i.e. replay indefinitely) :
ipython_display(my_clip, autoplay=1, loop=1)
Importantly, ipython_display actually embeds the clips physically in your notebook. The advantage is that you can move the notebook or put it online and the videos will work. The drawback is that the file size of the notebook can become very large. Depending on your browser, re-computing and displaying at video many times can take some place in the cache and the RAM (it will only be a problem for intensive uses). Restarting your browser solves the problem.