Clip

Clip

class Clip.Clip[source]

Base class of all clips (VideoClips and AudioClips).

Attributes

start: When the clip is included in a composition, time of the composition at which the clip starts playing (in seconds).
end: When the clip is included in a composition, time of the composition at which the clip starts playing (in seconds).
duration: Duration of the clip (in seconds). Some clips are infinite, in this case their duration will be None.
copy()[source]

Shallow copy of the clip.

Returns a shwallow copy of the clip whose mask and audio will be shallow copies of the clip’s mask and audio if they exist.

This method is intensively used to produce new clips every time there is an outplace transformation of the clip (clip.resize, clip.subclip, etc.)

cutout(ta, tb)[source]

Returns a clip playing the content of the current clip but skips the extract between ta and tb, which can be expressed in seconds (15.35), in (min, sec), in (hour, min, sec), or as a string: ‘01:03:05.35’. If the original clip has a duration attribute set, the duration of the returned clip is automatically computed as `` duration - (tb - ta)``.

The resulting clip’s audio and mask will also be cutout if they exist.

fl(fun, apply_to=[], keep_duration=True)[source]

General processing of a clip.

Returns a new Clip whose frames are a transformation (through function fun) of the frames of the current clip.

Parameters:

fun :

A function with signature (gf,t -> frame) where gf will represent the current clip’s get_frame method, i.e. gf is a function (t->image). Parameter t is a time in seconds, frame is a picture (=Numpy array) which will be returned by the transformed clip (see examples below).

apply_to :

Can be either 'mask', or 'audio', or ['mask','audio']. Specifies if the filter fl should also be applied to the audio or the mask of the clip, if any.

keep_duration :

Set to True if the transformation does not change the duration of the clip.

Examples

In the following newclip a 100 pixels-high clip whose video content scrolls from the top to the bottom of the frames of clip.

>>> fl = lambda gf,t : gf(t)[int(t):int(t)+50, :]
>>> newclip = clip.fl(fl, apply_to='mask')
fl_time(t_func, apply_to=[], keep_duration=False)[source]

Returns a Clip instance playing the content of the current clip but with a modified timeline, time t being replaced by another time t_func(t).

Parameters:

t_func: :

A function t-> new_t

apply_to: :

Can be either ‘mask’, or ‘audio’, or [‘mask’,’audio’]. Specifies if the filter fl should also be applied to the audio or the mask of the clip, if any.

keep_duration: :

False (default) if the transformation modifies the duration of the clip.

Examples

>>> # plays the clip (and its mask and sound) twice faster
>>> newclip = clip.fl_time(lambda: 2*t, apply_to=['mask','audio'])
>>>
>>> # plays the clip starting at t=3, and backwards:
>>> newclip = clip.fl_time(lambda: 3-t)
fx(func, *args, **kwargs)[source]

Returns the result of func(self, *args, **kwargs). for instance

>>> newclip = clip.fx(resize, 0.2, method='bilinear')

is equivalent to

>>> newclip = resize(clip, 0.2, method='bilinear')

The motivation of fx is to keep the name of the effect near its parameters, when the effects are chained:

>>> from moviepy.video.fx import volumex, resize, mirrorx
>>> clip.fx( volumex, 0.5).fx( resize, 0.3).fx( mirrorx )
>>> # Is equivalent, but clearer than
>>> resize( volumex( mirrorx( clip ), 0.5), 0.3)
get_frame(t)

Gets a numpy array representing the RGB picture of the clip at time t or (mono or stereo) value for a sound clip

is_playing(t)[source]

If t is a time, returns true if t is between the start and the end of the clip. t can be expressed in seconds (15.35), in (min, sec), in (hour, min, sec), or as a string: ‘01:03:05.35’. If t is a numpy array, returns False if none of the t is in theclip, else returns a vector [b_1, b_2, b_3...] where b_i is true iff tti is in the clip.

iter_frames(fps=None, with_times=False, progress_bar=False, dtype=None)

Iterates over all the frames of the clip.

Returns each frame of the clip as a HxWxN np.array, where N=1 for mask clips and N=3 for RGB clips.

This function is not really meant for video editing. It provides an easy way to do frame-by-frame treatment of a video, for fields like science, computer vision...

The fps (frames per second) parameter is optional if the clip already has a fps attribute.

Use dtype=”uint8” when using the pictures to write video, images...

Examples

>>> # prints the maximum of red that is contained
>>> # on the first line of each frame of the clip.
>>> from moviepy.editor import VideoFileClip
>>> myclip = VideoFileClip('myvideo.mp4')
>>> print ( [frame[0,:,0].max()
             for frame in myclip.iter_frames()])
set_duration(t, change_end=True)[source]

Returns a copy of the clip, with the duration attribute set to t, which can be expressed in seconds (15.35), in (min, sec), in (hour, min, sec), or as a string: ‘01:03:05.35’. Also sets the duration of the mask and audio, if any, of the returned clip. If change_end is False, the start attribute of the clip will be modified in function of the duration and the preset end of the clip.

set_end(t)[source]

Returns a copy of the clip, with the end attribute set to t, which can be expressed in seconds (15.35), in (min, sec), in (hour, min, sec), or as a string: ‘01:03:05.35’. Also sets the duration of the mask and audio, if any, of the returned clip.

set_fps(fps)

Returns a copy of the clip with a new default fps for functions like write_videofile, iterframe, etc.

set_ismask(ismask)

Says wheter the clip is a mask or not (ismask is a boolean)

set_make_frame(make_frame)

Sets a make_frame attribute for the clip. Useful for setting arbitrary/complicated videoclips.

set_memoize(memoize)

Sets wheter the clip should keep the last frame read in memory

set_start(t, change_end=True)[source]

Returns a copy of the clip, with the start attribute set to t, which can be expressed in seconds (15.35), in (min, sec), in (hour, min, sec), or as a string: ‘01:03:05.35’.

If change_end=True and the clip has a duration attribute, the end atrribute of the clip will be updated to start+duration.

If change_end=False and the clip has a end attribute, the duration attribute of the clip will be updated to end-start

These changes are also applied to the audio and mask clips of the current clip, if they exist.

subclip(t_start=0, t_end=None)[source]

Returns a clip playing the content of the current clip between times t_start and t_end, which can be expressed in seconds (15.35), in (min, sec), in (hour, min, sec), or as a string: ‘01:03:05.35’. If t_end is not provided, it is assumed to be the duration of the clip (potentially infinite). If t_end is a negative value, it is reset to ``clip.duration + t_end. ``. For instance:

>>> # cut the last two seconds of the clip:
>>> newclip = clip.subclip(0,-2)

If t_end is provided or if the clip has a duration attribute, the duration of the returned clip is set automatically.

The mask and audio of the resulting subclip will be subclips of mask and audio the original clip, if they exist.